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Back Pain

Are you experiencing any of the following?

  • Sharp pain when moving your back
  • Shooting/burning pain in your back or leg
  • Sore back
  • Stiff back
  • Referred pain to the thigh, leg and/or foot
  • Pins and needles in the thigh, leg and/or foot

We can help! Back pain is one of the most common conditions that physiotherapists treat and can result from an acute injury or can be a long standing problem.

Common conditions we treat include

  • Facet joint sprain
  • Facet joint hypomobility
  • Facet joint hypermobility
  • Disc bulge/prolapse/herniation
  • Disc extrusion
  • Disc degeneration
  • Arthritis
  • Sciatica
  • Stenosis
  • Muscle strain
  • Nerve irritation or compression
  • Post-surgical back pain


The adult human spine consists of 24 bones (vertebrae) stacked on top of each other. In between the vertebrae are discs which allow us to bend and move. There are also facet joints on each vertebra, as well as ligamentous structures, overlying muscles and nerves that exit from the spinal column.

The 2 most common causes are from the:

1. Disc

Disc pain is the most common injury occurring to the spine. Discs tend to be injured by twisting under load or by simple movements like picking up a pen or tying a shoelace. The trigger for these simpler movements is most often after a busy day of bending and lifting.

 The injury typically results in central back pain that increasingly worsens with coughing, sneezing and bending forward. The pain can be very sharp and intense causing difficulty getting up and out of a chair.

2. Facet joint

Facet joint sprains result in localised back pain that eases when you are up and about and becomes stiff and sore once you have begun to rest. A locked facet joint can occur suddenly or can occur gradually over time due to incorrect loading.

Your physiotherapist at Body Rhythm Physiotherapy will carry out a thorough assessment to establish an accurate diagnosis for the cause of your back pain.

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Once a diagnosis is established, we will provide you with the correct advice, education and hands on treatment to assist you in your treatment of your back pain.

We offer a range of treatment options depending on your particular complaint and goals, consisting of:

  • Postural improvements or re-training
  • Muscle/soft tissue therapy – Trigger point release, myofascial release, massage
  • Dry needling/Acupuncture
  • Joint mobilisation
  • Joint manipulation
  • Taping
  • Ergonomic advice
  • Rehabilitation, strengthening and education programs
  • Pilates

Research supports that successful treatment of long term back pain is through strengthening the stabilisers of the lower spine, your Transverse Abdominus and Multifidus muscles. Pilates exercise programs are evidence-based to reduce ongoing back pain by increasing the strength and endurance of these important stabilisers. If you are suffering from long term back pain, seek help from your physiotherapist.